Aging is a natural part of our lives where our physiological and metabolic functions are slowly but steadily diminishing. The aging process can be influenced or accelerated by various genetic or environmental factors, such as biological stress.
This is a problem because with aging many diseases have higher risks, for example, the major risk factors for Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease are the advanced age itself, but the chances of various cardiovascular diseases increase by getting older.
In addition, aging is associated with the weakening of the immune system, decreased hormone production, increased fat, and increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis.
Unfortunately, aging also increases the likelihood of cancer, and over time, our cells accumulate more and more damage and/or mutations.
Lifestyle and nutritional habits can greatly reduce the likelihood of these diseases, so regular exercise, a non-smoking and alcohol-free lifestyle, and a high consumption of fresh vegetables and fruits can help prevent it. In contrast, contaminated environment, contaminated food, excessive stress or exposure to strong UV rays all affect our health.
Plants and mushrooms used in folk medicine for the ‘preservation of youth’ are now being rediscovered in phytotherapy. Based on research experience over the past 30 years, flavonoids, terpenoids and saponins have been found to have the most potent anti-aging effect from their fractions (eg Ginseng, Astragalus root, Ganoderma – Ginkgo Biloba). Their use has been shown to reduce the risk of cognitive impairment and cardiovascular disease. This has been achieved by influencing a number of cellular signaling pathways and their overall antioxidant activity.
In addition, the agents listed have also been the focus of cancer research, eg. flavonoids are known as generally active, suit for cancer prevention and anticancer compounds. In addition, we know plants that can increase the body’s ability to regenerate by mobilizing the stem cells in our body. Such plants are brown algae (fucoidan) or sea buckthorn berries.
In addition to plants, the consumption of certain species of fungi can also greatly help to maintain our health. polysaccharides are also natural immune enhancers. Among the fungi, Tibetan caterpillar fungus has one of the most prominent effects, it not only activates the immune system but also energizes the body and has been used for centuries as an aphrodisiac.